The module aim is to provide students with basic knowledge of industrial biotechnological process design, including elements of bioreactors, downstream processing and principles of bioreactors scale-up. Cutting-edge biotechnological approaches used for the production of functional foods and food ingredients, such as probiotics, prebiotics, nutraceutics and enzymes will be provided. The students will also be exposed to the principles of biotechnology-based genetic improvement of crop species. Furthermore, the course will provide an overview on the marine and terrestrial microorganisms of interest for the biodegradation of organic pollutants and the production of bio-based products for environmental/industrial applications, and on the main processes for the bioremediation of contaminated sites and the treatment of industrial effluents. A further goal of the course is to describe the economic characteristics and related technical bases of primary production of raw materials for the bioeconomy. It includes the ability of understanding essential economic statistics and the mechanisms of reaction of the sector to markets and policies.